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最高院否決虐畜視頻禁令 Supreme Court Rejects Ban on Animal Cruelty Videos

2010 April 21
by prejudice

最高院否決虐畜視頻禁令

紐約時報二零一零年四月廿一頭版 紐約時報二零一零年四月廿一版十七
原文原圖版權歸紐約時報公司所有。

法官們否決了虐畜禁播令
JUSTICES REJECTS BAN ON DEPICTING ANIMAL CRUELTY

援引第一修正案
CITE FIRST AMENDMENT

八比一裁定結果表示禁播令實在是過頭了
8-to-1 Ruling Says Law Against Videos Was Too Sweeping

By ADAM LIPTAK

 

華府-依據第一修正案,最高院在週二裁定撤下一條聯邦法令,該律法擬將製作或販賣鬥狗等虐畜視頻定罪。WASHINGTON — In a major First Amendment ruling, the Supreme Court on Tuesday struck down a federal law that made it a crime to create or sell dogfight videos and other depictions of animal cruelty.

首席大法官羅忠爵為八比一投票判決所作主辨陳詞中講到,該法令實際上已達到「一個令人憂心的犯罪防止廣度」,而政府對其極力維護實在「讓我驚訝和後怕」。Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr., writing for the majority in the 8-to-1 decision, said that the law had created “a criminal prohibition of alarming breadth” and that the government’s aggressive defense of the law was “startling and dangerous.”

該判決仍留有一定餘地。國會可制定出一條稍寬鬆的法令以通過違憲審查。但羅大法官指出,現有該法令涉及到太多受第一修正案保護的地方了。The decision left open the possibility that Congress could enact a narrower law that would pass constitutional muster. But the existing law, Chief Justice Roberts wrote, covered too much speech protected by the First Amendment.

美國憲法第一修正案
國會不得制定關於下列事項的法律:確立國教或禁止信教自由;剝奪言論自由或出版自由;或剝奪人民和平集會和向政府請願伸冤的權利。

First Amendment to the United States Constitution
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

權利法案
權利法案圖片版權歸國家檔案館所有。

英文全文詳見紐約時報官方網站:Justices Reject Ban on Videos of Animal Cruelty

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